Japanese Martial Arts in Russia, The creation of Sambo and Sino-Russian Cooperation at Whampoa

When Japan was forced to open its borders to foreigners beginning the Meiji Restoration, it also helped spread Japanese culture overseas. The interest for Japanese objects or Japonism (from the French Japonisme) first appeared in 1872. This movement influenced European arts and culture, even though some Japanese elements had already entered the west through the … Continue reading Japanese Martial Arts in Russia, The creation of Sambo and Sino-Russian Cooperation at Whampoa

Torn Between Tradition and Modernization, Examples from Japan and China

By William A. P.Eng., M.Eng. Note: This illustration appears to depict someone who looks more like Gichin Funakoshi father of Shotokan Karate rather than Chouki; Japanese sources point out this editorial mistake was a point of bitter rivalry between the two men. Western influence in Japan and China was a source of national self-reflection triggering … Continue reading Torn Between Tradition and Modernization, Examples from Japan and China